Endometriosis is when endometrial cells grow outside the uterus and form growths on the ovaries, bowel, rectum, bladder and lining of the pelvic area. The symptoms are:
- pain in the lower abdomen or lower back, before, during or after menstruation
- cramps and pain during or after sexual intercourse
- pain with bowel movements
2. Vulvar Pain
Vulvodynia is chronic pain around the opening of the vagina. There is no known cause. The pain could be a burning, stinging or throbbing sensation. It may be there constantly or come and go. Certain activities like sexual intercourse or riding a bicycle may make the pain worse.
3. Interstitial Cystitis
This pain relates to long-term inflammation of the bladder wall. There is no known cause. The pain is felt:
- during urination. You may feel the need to urinate multiple times every hour throughout the day.
- during sex.
- as a sensation of pressure above the pubic area.
4. Pelvic Organ Prolapse
- pain or pressure in the groin or lower back and against the vaginal wall.
- a feeling of fullness in the lower belly
- pain during intercourse.
- recurring stomach pain that comes with cramps
- stomach bloating
- diarrhea or constipation.
6. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
- pain while urinating
- frequent urge to urinate
- feeling of pressure in the lower pelvis.
UTI is caused by bacteria getting into the urinary tract and causing infection to the urethra, bladder, ureters or the kidneys.
7. Kidney Stones
The size can range from a grain of sand to a golf ball. Symptoms include:
- pink or red color urine
- sudden sharp pain in the stomach or pelvic area.
8. Pelvic Congestion Syndrome