1. RBC (erythrocyte). Counts the number of RBC we have per litre of our blood plasma.
Male: 4.3 to 6.2 million cells per microliter
Female and children: 3.8 to 5.5 million cells per microliter
2. Hb (haemoglobin). Measures the amount of Hb in our blood. Hb is the component that carries oxygen in our RBC and gives our blood its red colour. A low Hb means you have anaemia.
Male: 13.2 to 16.2 grams per deciliter
Female: 12.0 to 15.2 grams per deciliter
3. Hct (haematocrit). Ratio of the volume of red cells to our whole blood. Lowered haematocrit can imply significant haemorrhage.
Male: 40% to 52%
Female: 37% to 46%
4. MCV (mean corpuscular volume). This is the average volume (size) of our red blood cell. A high MCV may signify the presence of a disease such as megaloblastic anaemia (big RBC).
5. MCH (mean corpuscular haemoglobin). This is the average amount of Hb in our RBC. A low measurement signifies anaemia.
6. MCHC (mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration). This measures the average concentration of Hb in a volume of RBC.
Normal range: 32% to 36%
Measurement of the Components of White Blood Cells (WBC) and Platelets
1. WBC (leukocyte). Counts the number of WBC we have per litre of our blood plasma. A significantly high WBC count can signify infection or suffering from certain types of blood diseases.
Hence, it is important to understand our medical check-up results, so that we can take the appropriate action in a prompt manner to address any potential problem before it worsens.
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