Exclusive: Anti-Hypertensive Drugs: How It Works and Side Effects

Sunday 8 July 2018

Blood pressure is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels, when the heart contracts and rests as it pumps out blood with every heartbeat. The top number (systolic blood pressure) is the highest level your blood pressure reaches when your heart beats. The bottom number (diastolic blood pressure) is the lowest level your blood pressure reaches as your heart relaxes between beats.

Blood pressure readings:
  • Pre-hypertension stage: 120-139 mmHg, 80-89 mmHg
  • Stage 1: 140-159 mmHg, 90-99 mmHg
  • Stage 2: >160 mmHg, >100 mmHg, where you will feel dizzy and be at higher risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Why is blood pressure high?

High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood out to the body. Some of the causes include:

(a) Hardening of blood vessel walls due to high levels of LDL. When blood vessel walls become harder, the pressure against it will also be higher.
(b) Hardening of vessel walls due to accumulation of calcium that are not flushed out from the body, which stick against vessel walls.
(c) Thick and dirty blood which require the heart to exert more pressure to pump.
(d) Lifestyle including unhealthy diet with too much salty food or alcohol; and lack of exercise.


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