Our Immune Cells (also known as Leukocytes or White Blood Cells) are generally divided into:
- Phagocytes (including macrophages, dendritic cells, neutrophils etc)
- Natural killer cells
- T cells (Th1 and Th2 cells)
- B cells, responsible for producing antibodies.
Loss of this balance may induce immune disorder diseases such as allergy, peripheral neuritis, Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and SLE. The conventional clinical treatment include steroids and immuno-suppressive drugs.
Antibodies or immunoglobulins can be categorized into 5 main types:
1) IgA - exists in tears, respiratory and digestive tracts.
3) IgE - unite with mast cells that secrete histamine to cope with tissue damage or pathogens resulting from insect bites etc.
4) IgM - first to appear upon entry of pathogens.
5) IgG - next to appear after IgM.
The greater the number of B cells, the more antibodies (ammunition) can be produced. These antibodies save the information on pathogens in their long-term memory to prepare for an immediate response should the same invader be encountered again.
It usually takes 7 to 10 days for a healthy human body to produce the first batch of antibodies when new pathogens invade. The time will be longer for a person with a weaker immune system. On the 2nd encounter, the body can produce antibodies faster because the B cells already have the "patent" to create them.
How Ganoderma Works
In animal tests of mice given ganoderma orally, there was an increase in IgA, IgM and IgG compared with those in the control group. It is important to reduce the time between being attacked by pathogens and creation of new antibodies to lessen the occurrence of sickness.
First-line defense - reduce the possibility of infection and lessen the occurrence of sickness.
Second-line defense - clear away pathogens, avoid allergies, strengthen immunity thereby speed up recovery in the event of illness.
Phagocytes swallow the pathogens and send out messages.
NKC followed by T cells start their elimination work.
Th cells memorize the pathogens, inform NKC of information gathered on the pathogens and so assist their work.
B cells produce antibodies.
Source: Ganoderma The Ultimate Herbal Medicine by Dr. Deng-Hai Chen, Chapter 3, Application of Ganoderma in Immune Modulation
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